40Ar/39Ar Dating and Mineral Paragenesis for Carlin-Type Gold Deposits along the Getchell Trend, Nevada: Evidence for Cretaceous and Tertiary Gold Mineralization

Выпуск 92
Автор(ы):Christian J.Grainger, David I.Norman, Matthew T.Heizler, William C.McIntosh
Издание:Economic geology, 1997 г., 22 стр.
Язык(и)Английский
40Ar/39Ar Dating and Mineral Paragenesis for Carlin-Type Gold Deposits along the Getchell Trend, Nevada: Evidence for Cretaceous and Tertiary Gold Mineralization

The orebodies at the Getchell and Twin Creeks mines were studied through mineral paragenesis, geologic relationships, and 40Ar/39Ar dating. Mineral paragenetic relationships are based on observations made during the logging of 18,000 m of drill cuttings and core and crosscutting relationships recognized in the field and Main pit at the Getchell mine. Ages for igneous and mineralizing events were determined through 40Ar/39Ar incremental heating analyses of 15 samples of biotite, K feldspar, sericite, and vein adularia. A thermal history for the area was also developed using K feldspar multiple diffusion domain results and age determinations on cogenetic minerals, which have different argon closure temperatures.

Mineral paragenetic relationships and 40Ar/39Ar dating at the Getchell and Twin Creeks deposits document that gold mineralization occurred in five stages between 95 and 42 Ma.

Stage 1 pyrrhoute-quartz-arsenopyrite-chalcopyrite-biotite gold mineralization in skarn is associated with 95 Ma dacite dikes and granodiorite plugs. Stage 2 chalcopyrite-sphalerite-galena-pyrite-arsenopyrite ± gold and silver mineralization in skarn is related to the 92 Ma Osgood Mountains stock. Secondary K feldspar and sericite in stage 3 quartz-pyrite-kaolinite-gold mineralization formed at 83 Ma and are not related to 95 or 92 Ma igneous activity. Stage 4 low-grade quartz-pyrite-gold mineralization formed at about 75 Ma, in the matrix of a breccia pipe that cuts 83 Ma silicic and argillic ores. Adularia intergrown with stibnite-orpiment-pyrite-quartz-gold ± realgar mineralization yields precise ^Ar/^Ar plateau ages of 42.11 ± 0.43 and 41.90 ± 0.25 Ma for stage 5.

This study documents the temporal complexity of mineralization and igneous activity at the Getchell and Twin Creeks deposits. Minor gold in skarn-type mineralization (stages 1 and 2) associated with 95 and 92 Ma igneous intrusions preceded and was not genetically related to Carlin-type gold mineralization (stages 3 and 5). The Carlin-type deposits at Getchell and Twin Creeks therefore represent a composite orebody formed by the overprinting of 83 Ma stage 3 quartz-pyrite-gold by 42 Ma stage 5 orpiment-stibnite-pyrite-gold mineralization.

ТематикаПолезные ископаемые
МеткиAr-Ar метод, Carlin type gold, Getchell Trend, Gold, Золото
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