Автор(ы):Обут А.М., Шугрин С.М.
Редактор(ы):Каныгин А.В.
Издание:Наука, Новосибирск, 1986 г., 128 стр., УДК: 523.2/7+574/578
Язык(и)Русский
Солнечная активность и биосфера

В монографии приводятся многочисленные данные о влиянии периодичности активности Солнца на физические и биохимические процессы, динамику геосферы, климат и биосферу Земли; показана тесная связь изменений солнечной активности и эволюции биосферы. В книге затронут ряд дискуссионных положений.

Для палеонтологов, геологов, геофизиков и всех, кто интересуется вопросами развития жизни на Земле

ТематикаИсторическая геология
Автор(ы):Akasofu S.
Издание:Springer, 2002 г., 274 стр., ISBN: 1402006853
Язык(и)Английский
Exploring the Secrets of the Aurora / Исследуя тайны северного сияния

My purpose in writing this book is to describe my own experiences, from my graduate student days in the 1950s to the present (2001). when I came upon phenomena or facts that did not support the prevailing ideas and theories, or even contradicted them. In some instances, the encounters began with nothing more than the naive questions I posed as a graduate student to my professors regarding a well-established fact: others were the result of questions my graduate students asked me. Essentially, this is an account of my personal encounters with some of the ideas and theories that once prevailed but were later eliminated in the history of auroral science. I believe that young researchers becoming successful as scientists depends on how they deal with new phenomena or facts that do not fit established theories. One cannot be a researcher unless he/she can encounter such a problem. This is because such ;ui encounter is the very first step for new progress. When encountering such problems, some may put the discordant facts on the shelf or sweep them under the rug. so to speak, at least for a while. Others may try hard to find a way to make new facts fit into prevailing ideas by modifying or improving them. Yet others may try to establish a new idea, scheme, or theory by adapting their findings and those of others, but abandoning the prevailing interpretation of the phenomena or facts. It has been my experience that it is the people in this last group who produce epoch-making progress in science. The choice of what to do when facing this situation is not easy and depends on many factors, lirst of all. researchers have to know where they stand at that point in the history of their scientific discipline. It is therefore crucial to have a deep historical knowledge of the background of a prevailing idea or the established interpretation of a phenomenon. To choose a course of action without knowing the background would be like starting to run in the dark without a sense of direction or of the surroundings. Unfortunately. I see too many young scientists doing just that, particularly those who believe that technological advance is everything. Often, a mentor provides the history, not necessarily in a classroom setting, but through daily interactions. I was fortunate to have a very good mentor. Sydney Chapman, who guided me during my early days.

ТематикаГеофизика
Автор(ы):Вагнер Г.А.
Издание:2006 г., 534 стр., ISBN: 5-94836-037-7, 3-8274-1292-7
Язык(и)Русский
Научные методы датирования в геологии, археологии и истории

Четвертичный период, охватывающий приблизительно последние два миллиона лет, характеризуется драматическими изменениями в природе, известными как "ледниковый период". В последние годы был достигнут значительный прогресс в корректном датировании событий той эпохи.
В книге описан широкий спектр физических и химических методов, имеющихся в арсенале современной науки, для определения возраста молодых геологических образцов и артефактов. Для русского издания книга была дополнена главами, в которых более подробно освещены радиоуглеродный и термолюминесцентный методы, дендрохронология, а также приведены примеры комплексных датировок археологических находок.

ТематикаИсторическая геология
МеткиИзотопы кислорода, Радиоуглеродная хронология, Солнечная активность, Урановые ряды
Ленты новостей
1662.85