Том 46, Выпуск 9
Автор(ы):Buslov M.M., Vovna G.M.
Издание:Journal Geochemistry International, 2008 г., 10 стр.
Composition and Geodynamic Nature of the Protoliths of Diamondiferous Rocks from the Kumdy-Kol Deposit of the Kokchetav Metamorphic Belt, Northern Kazakhstan

The distribution of rare earth elements was analyzed in the Early Cambrian diamondiferous calcsilicate rocks and gneisses, calciphyres, and marbles of the Kumdy-Kol deposit. These data were compared with the lithogeochemical characteristics of the sedimentary assemblages of weakly metamorphosed Late Precambrian graphite-bearing sedimentary rocks of the Kokchetav metamorphic belt. The obtained results allowed us to suppose that the protoliths of the Kumdy-Kol rocks were compositionally similar to the Late Precambrian graphite-bearing terrigenous–carbonate and sand–shale sequences of the continental shelf of the Kokchetav microcontinent, some of which were transformed in a subduction zone into diamondiferous rocks.

ТематикаМинералогия, Региональная геология
МеткиАлмазосодержащие породы, Казахстан, Кокчетавский метаморфический пояс, Месторождение Кумды-Коль
Автор(ы):Buslov M.M., Dmitrieva N.V., J. De Grave, Travin A.V., Zhimulev F.I.
Издание:Russian Geology and Geophysics, 2011 г., 15 стр.
Early–Middle Ordovician nappe tectonics of the junction between the Kokchetav HP-UHP metamorphic belt and the Stepnyak paleoisland arc

The North Kokchetav tectonic zone is located between the Kokchetav HP-UHP metamorphic belt and the Stepnyak zone of Ordovician island arc and oceanic complexes. The Kokchetav zone is a collage of nappes (thrust sheets) that consist of basement gneiss and sedimentary rocks of the Kokchetav microcontinent, granite gneiss, mica schists with eclogite blocks, the Shchuch’e ophiolite, Middle Proterozoic felsic volcanics, and Arenigian siliceous-terrigenous sediments with olistostromes. The latter are of gravity-sliding origin and their clastic material includes quartz-muscovite and quartz-garnet-muscovite schists, gneiss, dolomite, and amphibolite. The sheet boundaries are marked by mylonite and Early Ordovician mica schists (40Ar/39Ar ages of syntectonic muscovite are 489–469 Ma). The North Kokchetav collage of compositionally diverse thrust sheets can be interpreted as a collisional zone. According to geological evidence, tectonic activity in the zone lasted as late as the Middle Ordovician. Syncollisional thrusting in the North Kokchetav zone was coeval with the latest dynamic metamorphic event in the history of the Kokchetav belt. All events of retrograde metamorphism and exhumation of HP and UHP rocks in the belt have Cambrian ages, i.e., the rocks had been exhumed prior to the Early–Middle Ordovician collisions and the related orogeny.

ТематикаРегиональная геология
Метки40Ar/39Ar dating, Collision, Early Paleozoids of Kazakhstan, Exhumation, High-pressure rocks, Kokchetav metamorphic belt, North Kokchetav tectonic zone, Olistostrome, Thrust sheet, Кокчетавский метаморфический пояс, Коллизия, Олистостромы
Автор(ы):Буслов М.М., Жимулев Ф.И., Травин А.В.
Издание:Доклады Академии наук, 2010 г., 5 стр.
New Data on the Structural Setting and 40Ar/39Ar Age of the MP–LP Metamorphism of the Daulet Formation, Kokchetav Metamorphic Belt, Northern Kazakhstan, and Their Tectonic Interpretation

Ultra-high-pressure (UHP) and high-pressure (HP) metamorphic complexes in continental subduc-tion zones are spatially associated with younger medium-pressure (MP) and low pressure (LP) meta-morphic rocks [1]. It is a controversial question whether these MP–LP rocks are formed by the contact effect of exhumed hot nappe stack of UHP–HP rocks on the underlying rocks (by analogy with meta-morphic base of obducted ophiolite allochthon) or result from later syncollisional metamorphism related to crustal thickening and granite magmatism. MP and LP metamorphic complexes with inverted metamor-phic zoning are known in the collisional Himalaya nappe-thrust system [2, 3]. Structurally, they are confined to the overthrusting of the Himalayas onto the Indian continent along the Main Central Thrust. The MP (garnet–kyanite–staurolite) and LP (sillimanite– biotite and biotite) rocks were formed at the initial stage of thrusting (25–15 Ma) and exhumed to the surface by later thrusts and denudation [3].

ТематикаРегиональная геология
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