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Издание:International Association for Gondwana Research, 2002 г., 20 стр.
Язык(и)Английский
A Vendian-Cambrian Island Arc System of the Siberian Continent in Gorny Altai (Russia, Central Asia)

An extended Vendian-Cambrian island-arc system similar to the Izu-Bonin-Mariana type is described in the Gorny Altai terrane at the margin of the Siberian continent.

Three different tectonic stages in the terrane are recognized. (1) A set of ensimatic active margins including subducted oceanic crust of the Paleo-Asian ocean, the Uimen-Lebed primitive island arc, oceanic islands and seamounts: the set of rocks is assumed to be formed in the Vendian. (2) A more evolved island arc comprising calc-alkaline volcanics and granites: a fore-arc trough in Middle-late Cambrian time was filled with disrupted products of pre-Middle Cambrian accretionary wedges and island arcs. (3) Collision of the more evolved island arc with the Siberian continent: folding, metamorphism and intrusion of granites occurred in late Cambrian-early Ordovician time. In the late Paleozoic, the above-mentioned Caledonian accretion-collision structure of the Siberian continent was broken by large-scale strike-slip faults into several segments. This resulted in the formation of a typical mosaic-block structure.

Выпуск 20
Редактор(ы):Osmolska H.
Издание:Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warszawa, 1975 г., 139 стр.
Язык(и)Английский
Acta paleontologica Polonica. Vol XX

Relatively frequently found, the specimens of Homalonotinae are, in general, poorly preserved and, therefore, they are among the groups of trilobites that have so far been rather insufficiently studied. Since their occurrence is limited to the Llandovery through Middle Devonian, they may serve as a good index fossil. Their paleogeographical and correlative importance in the Upper Silurian and Lower Devonian was discussed separately (Tomczykowa, 1974).

The materials, on which the present paper is based, were collected by the writer in 1956—1958 in the Holy Cross Mts. Most of them, however, come from the boreholes managed by the Geological Institute, that is, from Goldap, Bostow, Ciepielow, Bialopole, Krowie Bagno, Lopiennik, Strzelce IG-2 and Zakrzew IG-3, as well as from the drillings of the Oil Research Survey (Malochwiej and Rozkopaczew boreholes) (Text-fig.  1). <...>

Редактор(ы):Jenne E.A.
Издание:Academic Press, 581 стр.
Язык(и)Английский
Adsorption of metals by geomedia. Variables, mechannism and model applications /  Адсорбция металлов геомедией. Переменные, механизм и модельные приложения

Metal adsorption and desorption are crucial processes in the remediation of contaminated surficial geomedia (e.g., soils) and aquifers. Contaminant transport modeling, which necessarily includes some adsorption parameter, has important uses in anticipating the direction, speed, and extent of contaminant migration in ground water. Adsorption processes are of vital importance in many industrial processes in the beneficiation of various ores (some of which were formed largely as the result of adsorption processes).

Автор(ы):Mousa W.A.
Издание:Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2019 г., 341 стр.
Язык(и)Английский
Advanced digital signal processing of seismic data /  Усовершенствованная цифровая обработка сейсмических данных

Seismic data must be interpreted using digital signal processing techniques in order to create accurate representations of petroleum reservoirs and the interior structure of the Earth. This book provides an advanced overview of digital signal processing (DSP) and its applications to exploration seismology using real world examples. The book begins by introducing seismic theory, describing how to identify seismic events in terms of signals and noise, and how to convert seismic data into the language of DSP. Deterministic DSP is then covered, together with non-conventional sampling techniques. The final part covers statistical seismic signal processing via Wiener optimum filtering, deconvolution, linear-prediction filtering, and seismic wavelet processing. With over 60 end-of-chapter exercises, seismic data sets, and data processing MATLAB codes included, this is an ideal resource for electrical engineering students unfamiliar with seismic data, and for earth scientists and petroleum professionals interested in DSP techniques.

Том 1
Автор(ы):Марфунин А.С.
Издание:Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994 г., 550 стр., ISBN: 3-540-57254-6; 0-387-57254-6
Язык(и)Английский
Advanced mineralogy. Composition, structure and properties of mineral matter. Vol 1.

All existing introductory reviews of mineralogy are written according to the same algorithm, sometimes called the "Dana System of Mineralogy". Even modern advanced handbooks, which are certainly necessary, include basic data on minerals and are essentially descriptive. When basic information on the chemistry, structure, optical and physical properties, distinguished features and para-genesis of 200-400 minerals is presented, then there is practically no further space available to include new ideas and concepts based on recent mineral studies.

A possible solution to this dilemma would be to present a book beginning where introductory textbooks end for those already familiar with the elementary concepts. Such a volume would be tailored to specialists in all fields of science and industry, interested in the most recent results in mineralogy.

This approach may be called Advanced Mineralogy. Here, an attempt has been made to survey the current possibilities and aims in mineral matter investigations, including the main characteristics of all the methods, the most important problems and topics of mineralogy, and related studies.

The individual volumes are composed of short, condensed chapters. Each chapter presents in a complete, albeit condensed, form specific problems, methods, theories, and directions of investigations, and estimates their importance and strategic position in science and industry.

Том 2
Автор(ы):Марфунин А.С.
Издание:Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994 г., 441 стр., ISBN: 5-540-57255-4; 0-387-57255-4
Язык(и)Английский
Advanced mineralogy. Methods and instrumentations. Results and recent developments. Vol. 2

Changes in the methods of investigation have had a crucial impact on progress in mineralogy. Many important methods have emerged with their own parameters, interpretations, problems, new albeit restricted possibilities and scopes, and with their own instrumentation and measurement tools. Even the aims and contents of the investigations have changed. Two processes can be discerned:

1.  The logical completion of developing and elaborating the methods, i.e. determining all physical principles based on a single, general, multifaceted phenomenon: the interaction of radiation (particles) with matter.

These interactions and hence these methods can be presented schematically by two coordinates. One is energy (or wavelength of radiation) and parts of the electromagnetic spectrum (nuclear, X-ray and electron, UV, visible, IR, microwave, SHF and RF). The other coordinate is represented by the modes of interaction (spectroscopy-absorption, emission, scattering-diffractometry, microscopy). The various intersection points in this system of coordinates have already been determined and elaborated in detail according to theoretical and instrumentational aspects.

Выпуск 3
Автор(ы):Марфунин А.С.
Издание:Springer, 1998 г., 342 стр., ISBN: 978-3-642-62108-6
Язык(и)Английский
Advanced mineralogy. Mineral matter in space, mantle, ocean floor, biosphere, environmental management, and jewelry. Vol 3. /  Продвинутая минералогия. Минеральные вещества в космосе, мантии, океане, биосфере, природопользовании и ювелирном деле. Часть 3

This volume of Advanced Mineralogy encompasses six different areas having two features in common: they are related to one of the largest enterprises of the second half of this century; and represent the ultimate and final extension of the concept of mineral matter.

- Understanding mineral matter in Space is one of the principal purposes of cosmic exploration. This includes the results of comparative planetology, lunar epopee, sophisticated meteorite studies (now more than 500 meteorite minerals), discovery of the interstellar mineral dust forming some 60 trillion of earth masses in the Galaxy, and terrestrial impact crater studies. It is possible now to speak of mineralogy of the Universum, and the mineralogical type of the states of matter in the Universe. 

Автор(ы):Xiuli Wang
Издание:Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, 2009 г., 415 стр.
Язык(и)Английский
Advanced natural gas engineering

The role of natural gas in meeting the world energy demand has been increasing because of its abundance, versatility, and clean burning nature. As a result, new gas exploration, field development, and production activities are under way. This is especially true in places where natural gas was (until recently) labeled as “stranded.” Because a significant portion of natural gas reserves worldwide are located across bodies of water, gas transportation becomes an issue. We are dealing with many unique issues and facing many challenges in the entire “food chain” (upstream to midstream and downstream) of natural gas engineering.

Редактор(ы):Sammonds P.R., Thompson J.M.T.
Издание:Imperial College Press, London, 2007 г., 342 стр., ISBN: 978-1-86094-761-2
Язык(и)Английский
Advances in Earth Science From Earthquakes to Global Warming / Достижения в области наук о Земле От землетрясений до глобального потепления

This welcome volume is a collection of articles principally adapted from articles published in the Philosophical Transactions triennial issue. It very largely reflects the views of younger scientists, and highlights how the Earth Sciences continue to delight us with new ideas and controversies. Many of the authors are research fellows, or former research fellows, of the Royal Society, and the editors have successfully assembled an entertainingly eclectic mix. The book is divided into three sections covering Environmental Change, the Dynamics of the Earth, and Applied Earth Science, and the topics range from costing climate change, to the properties of the Earth’s core and objectively optimised Earth observation

Автор(ы):Cooke D.R., Holliday J.R.
Издание:Ore deposit and exploration technology, 2007 г., 19 стр.
Язык(и)Английский
Advances in Geological Models and Exploration Methods for Copper ± Gold Porphyry Deposits

This paper focuses on the relationships between the geological model and exploration techniques for porphyry Cu ± Au deposits, with reference to the discovery record and exploration practices over the past fifteen years. The porphyry model is built on a long record of study dating back to the 1960s which has been gradually refined to encompass differences and complexities in mineralization and hydrothermal alteration assemblages resulting from varying intrusion (‘porphyry’) chemistries, differing wallrock geochemical and structural controls, the upwards zonation into the lithocap environment, and the overprinting effects of deep weathering.

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