Marine geochemistry / Морская геохимия

Издание 2
Редактор(ы):Schulz H.D., Zabel M.
Издание:Springer, 2006 г., 581 стр., ISBN: 978-3-540-32143-9
Marine geochemistry / Морская геохимия

The oceans of the world represent a natural depository for the dissolved and particulate products of continental weathering. After its input, the dissolved material consolidates by means of biological and geochemical processes and is deposited on the ocean floor along with the particulate matter from weathered rock. The ocean floor deposits therefore embody the history of the continents, the oceans and their pertaining water masses. They therefore provide the key for understanding Earth’s history, especially valuable for the reconstruction of past environmental conditions of continents and oceans. In particular, the qualitative and quantitative composition of the sedimentary components reflect the conditions of their own formation. This situation may be more or less clear depending on preservation of primary sediment composition, but the processes of early diagenesis do alter the original sediment composition, and hence they alter or even wipe out the primary environmental signal. Hence, only an entire understanding of nature and sequence of processes in the course of sediment formation and itsdiagenetic alteration will enable us to infer the initial environmental signal from the altered composition of the sediments.<...>

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