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Автор(ы):Brusatte S.L.
Издание:Wiley Blackwell, 2012 г., 348 стр., ISBN: 978-0-470-65657-0
Язык(и)Английский
Dinosaur Paleobiology / Палеобиология динозавров

Dinosaurs are everywhere these days. They are the most popular exhibits in many museums, the stars of movies and the focus of television documentaries, the pitchmen in advertising campaigns and the subject of gushing articles in magazines and newspapers. Looking at how dinosaurs are portrayed in the popular press, it is easy to lump them together with leprechauns, unicorns, and dragons – creatures of myth and iconic lore that only exist in the imaginations of children and the whimsy of pop culture. But dinosaurs are not creatures of fantasy – they were real animals, of many fantastic shapes and sizes, that dominated terrestrial ecosystems for an astounding span of over 160 million years. They were living, breathing, feeding, moving, reproducing, evolving organisms that originated in the

aftermath of the worst mass extinction in earth history, rose to dominance as a supercontinent was splitting and climates were fluctuating, evolved into some of the largest and most fearsome animals the planet has ever seen, and then suddenly went extinct right at the same time that a giant comet or asteroid slammed into the earth and supervolcanoes were belching rivers of lava. And perhaps most astonishing of all, these ancient creatures, so often symbols of lethargy and failure, were the ancestors of one of the most successful groups of living animals: the birds. <...>

Автор(ы):Pim K.
Издание:New York, 2019 г., 371 стр., ISBN: 978-1-61519-519-0
Язык(и)Английский
Dinosaurs. The grand tour. Evrything worth knowing about dinosaurs from Aardonyx to Zuniceratops / Динозавры. Гранд тур. Все, что стоит знать о динозаврах от Aardonyx до Zuniceratops

We live in a golden age of paleontological discovery—on average, we fi nd one new dinosaur species per week. The most fascinating among them take their place in this updated edition of Dinosaurs—The Grand Tour, from Aardonyx, a lumbering beast that formed a link between two- and four-legged dinosaurs, to Zuniceratops, who boasted a deadly pair of horns.

Here, you’ll fi nd everything worth knowing about every dinosaur worth learning about—more than three hundred in all. At-a-glance sidebars put each dinosaur’s diet, size, and where they roamed at your fi ngertips. Stories of harrowing expeditions conjure the thrills of history’s most famous dinosaur hunters. Highlights from recent research reveal what’s new in paleontology today, including scientists’ evolving ideas of what dinosaurs actually looked like. (Hint: They were more colorful—and feathery!—than we thought before.) And illustrations on virtually every page bring these prehistoric creatures to life in all their glory.

Plus, renowned paleontologist Jack Horner contributes “fi eld notes” to help readers set out on their own expeditions—from seeking fossilized footprints at his recommended sites to planning a cross-country road trip using his list of top North American dinosaurs as a map. You’ll learn what it’s like to be part of the most sensational dino-discoveries ever—and maybe make some of your own!

Выпуск 24
Автор(ы):Keewook Y., Wintsch R.P.
Издание:Journal of Structural Geology, 2002 г., 15 стр.
Язык(и)Английский
Dissolution and replacement creep: a significant deformation mechanism in mid-crustal rocks

Zoning patterns and zoning truncations in metamorphic minerals in a granodioritic orthogneiss indicate that strain and S-C fabrics in these rocks were produced by dissolution, precipitation, and replacement processes, even at epidote-amphibolite fades metamorphic conditions. The metamorphic fabric is defined by alternating layers and folia dominated by quartz, feldspars, and biotite + epidote. Zoning patterns in most metamorphic plagioclase, orthoclase, epidote, and sphene are truncated at boundaries normal to the shortening direction, suggesting dissolution. Interfaces of relict igneous orthoclase phenocrysts that face the shortening direction are embayed and replaced by biotite, epidote, and myrmekitic intergrowths of plagioclase and quartz. Metamorphic plagioclase grains are also replaced by epidote. We interpret these microstractures to reflect strain-enhanced dissolution. The cores of many grains show asymmetric overgrowths with at least two generations of beards, all oriented on the ends of grains that face the extension direction. We interpret these textures to reflect precipitation of components dissolved by deformation-enhanced dissolution. While biotite and quartz probably deformed by dislocation creep, the overall deformation was accommodated by dissolution perpendicular to the shortening direction, and precipitation parallel to it. These chemical processes must have been activated at lower stresses than the dislocation creep predicted from extrapolations of data from experiments in dry rocks. Thus wet crust is likely to be weaker than calculated from these experimental studies

Выпуск 76
Автор(ы):Almeras Y., Peybernes B.
Издание:Lyon, 1979 г., 112 стр.
Язык(и)Французский
Documents des laboratoires de geologie de la faculte des sciences de Lyon. Les brachiopodes du dogger des pyrenees Navarro-Languedociennes

Au cours de la revision stratigraphique du Dogger des Pyrenees Navarro-Languedo- ciennes (Peybernbs, 1976), des gisements de brachiopodes ont ete signals tant dans les Pyrenees fran- gaises (Corbiferes essentiellement) qu'espagnoles. Ces brachiopodes ddtermines (Y. Almiras) et replaces dans les coupes stratigraphiques (PeybernSs, 1976) sont ici etudies par les methodes biometriques classi- ques (dynamique des populations, ontogenese) et &. l'aide des coupes seriees (caracteres internes). Grace a nos connaissances sur la biostratigraphie de ces memes especes de brachiopodes dans d'autres regions, nous avons pu confirmer ou prdciser la datation encore incertaine de plusieurs niveaux du Dogger. <...>

Издание:Springer, 2019 г., 500 стр., ISBN: 978-981-13-1665-4
Язык(и)Английский
Dyke Swarms of the World: A Modern Perspective / Рои даек в мире: современные перспективы

Detailed multidisciplinary studies on mafic dyke swarms play a crucial role in solving geodynamic problems of Earth’s history. Professor Henry C. Halls recognized the importance of dyke swarms long ago and organized the first International Dyke Conference focusing on geological, geochemical, and geophysical aspects of dykes and related units in Toronto, Canada, in 1985. Given the new insights arising during that conference, it was decided that International Dyke Conferences (IDCs) should be held every 5 years. Consequently, IDC-2 was held in Australia in 1990, IDC-3 in Israel in 1995, IDC-4 in South Africa in 2001, IDC-5 in Finland in 2005, and IDC-6 in India in 2010. Each IDC also produced a proceedings volume (apart from IDC-4 whose contributions were published as part of the IDC-5 volume) (Halls and Fahrig 1987; Parker et al. 1990; Baer and Heimann 1995; Hanski et al. 2006; Srivastava 2011).<...>

Автор(ы):Yang Chang-Shu
Издание:Instituut voor Aardwetenschappen der Rijksuniversiteit te Utrecht, 1989 г., 160 стр., ISBN: 90-71577-13-9
Язык(и)Английский
Dynamics and sedimentary facies analysis of clastic tidal deposits

One of the most important dynamic processes in the ocean is that of tidal movement. The tides obtain their energy from the earth's rotation. Most of this energy is received in the major ocean basins, and from there transmitted into shallow waters. It is in these shallow waters that tidal energy is dissipated, in part by eroding and transporting sediments, resulting in very active sedimentary processes in the shelf and coastal areas.

Research in clastic tidal deposits has accumulated large-amount of data on tidal processes and their products. In present-day tide-swept shelves large-scale tidal sandbodies with various bedforms has been a subject of extensive research, which mainly focussed on the southern bight of the North Sea (van Veen, 1935; Jones, Kain & Stride, 1965; Houbolt, 1968; Stride, 1970; Caston & Stride, 1970,1973; McCave, 197.1; Terwindt, 1971,1973; Cas-ton, 1972; Johnson et al., 1981; Kenyon et al., 1981; Langhorne, 1982; McCave & Lan-ghorne, 1982; Nio & Nelson, 1982; Stride, 1982; de Boer, van Gelder & Nio, 1988), the English Channel and the French Atlantic shelf (Berne et al., 1986; Berne et al., 1988; Turcq et al, 1986) and the North American Atlantic shelf (Swift et al., 1972,1979,1981; Milliman etal., 1972; Sheridan etal, 1974;Knebel&Folger, 1976,Knebel, 1981; Swift & Field, 1981).

In estuaries and other inshore tidal basins, genesis, geometry, distribution pattern, dynamic behaviour and internal sedimentary structures of tidal bedforms have been studied intensively in the Netherlands (Boersma, 1969; Terwindt, 1970,1981; de Raaf & Boersma, 1971; Boersma & Terwindt, 1981; Kohsiek & Terwindt, 1981; van den Berg, 1982, 1984, 1987; Terwindt & Brouwer, 1986; de Boer, van Gelder & Nio, 1988), U.K. (Langhorne, 1973; Allen & Friend, 1976; Elliott & Gardiner, 1981), France (Tastet et al, 1986), United States (Boothroyd & Hubbard, 1975; Bokuniewicz, et al, 1977), Canada (Swift et al, 1966; d'Anglejan, 1971; Dalrymple et al, 1975,1978; Dalrymple, 1984) and other countries. Most of the studies were concentrated in intertidal areas. The subtidal deposits received less attention due to the difficulties in field observations. Preservation potential of subtidal deposits, however, is much higher. As a consequence subtidal deposits will occur more often in the geological record. It is from the detailed study of the subtidal deposits in the construction pits of the Oosterschelde, SW Netherlands that distinct diagnostic criteria for recognizing tide-dominated deposits were developed (Visser, 1980; Siegenthaler, 1982; van den Berg, 1982; Nio et al., 1983; de Mowbray & Visser, 1984; Yang & Nio, 1985). <...>

Редактор(ы):Golubic S., Kimberley M.M., McKirdy D.M., Schidlowski M., Trudinger P.A.
Издание:Springer-Verlag, 1988 г., 563 стр., ISBN: 978-3-642-76886-6
Язык(и)Английский
Early organic evolution. Implication for mineral and energy resources / Ранняя органическая эволюция. Значение для минеральных и энергетических ресурсов

This volume is the final outcome of a conference designed to wrap up IOCP Project 157 (" Early Organic Evolution and Mineral and Energy Resources ") after a decade of prolific activity. The picturesque solitude of Maria Laach Abbey in the Eifel Mountains (FRO) provided the appropriate setting for a conclave of some 80 specialists from the various walks of the field who, during the week of Sept. 19 - 23, 1988, strived hard to define the state of the art in the principal segments of this Earth Science frontier. <...>

Издание:КНЦ РАН, Петрозаводск, 2019 г., 81 стр., УДК: 552.48:551.71/72 (1-924.14/.16)(036), ISBN: 978-5-9274-0853-5
Язык(и)Английский (перевод с русского)
Early Precambrian Eclogites of the Belomorian Province, Fennoscandian Shield. Field Guidebook /  Раннедокембрийские эклогиты Беломорской провинции, Фенноскандийский щит. Полевой путеводитель

Early Precambrian eclogites are widespread in the Belomorian Province of the Fennoscandian shield. There are three points of view on the their age: 1) Archean and Paleoproterozoic; 2) solely Mesoarchean; 3) solely Paleoproterozoic. The goal of this field trip is to show all these types of eclogites including Archean and Paleoproterozoic (from the authors' point of view) eclogites, eclogitized Paleoproterozoic coronitic gabbroids, Archean zoisitites and their structural position in the Gridino, Salma (Uzkaya Salma and Shirokaya Salma) and Kuru-Vaara areas of the Belomorian Province. The geological excursions provide a good opportunity for the participants and the reader to exanimate these contradicting points of view immediately at beautiful outcrops on islands of the White Sea, on the benches of the Kuru-Vaara quarry and in the walls of road pits in the Salma area. This Field Guidebook is of interest for geologists, petrologists and geochronologists who study the early evolution of the Earth and HP-UHP metamorphic processes 

Издание:Russian Geology and Geophysics, 2011 г., 15 стр.
Язык(и)Английский
Early–Middle Ordovician nappe tectonics of the junction between the Kokchetav HP-UHP metamorphic belt and the Stepnyak paleoisland arc

The North Kokchetav tectonic zone is located between the Kokchetav HP-UHP metamorphic belt and the Stepnyak zone of Ordovician island arc and oceanic complexes. The Kokchetav zone is a collage of nappes (thrust sheets) that consist of basement gneiss and sedimentary rocks of the Kokchetav microcontinent, granite gneiss, mica schists with eclogite blocks, the Shchuch’e ophiolite, Middle Proterozoic felsic volcanics, and Arenigian siliceous-terrigenous sediments with olistostromes. The latter are of gravity-sliding origin and their clastic material includes quartz-muscovite and quartz-garnet-muscovite schists, gneiss, dolomite, and amphibolite. The sheet boundaries are marked by mylonite and Early Ordovician mica schists (40Ar/39Ar ages of syntectonic muscovite are 489–469 Ma). The North Kokchetav collage of compositionally diverse thrust sheets can be interpreted as a collisional zone. According to geological evidence, tectonic activity in the zone lasted as late as the Middle Ordovician. Syncollisional thrusting in the North Kokchetav zone was coeval with the latest dynamic metamorphic event in the history of the Kokchetav belt. All events of retrograde metamorphism and exhumation of HP and UHP rocks in the belt have Cambrian ages, i.e., the rocks had been exhumed prior to the Early–Middle Ordovician collisions and the related orogeny.

Автор(ы):Ben A., Stephen Marshak
Издание:W. W. Norton & Company, 2004 г., 672 стр., ISBN: 039392467X
Язык(и)Английский
Earth Structure: An Introduction to Structural Geology and Tectonics (Second Edition) / Строение Земли - Введение в структурную геологию и тектонику (второе издание)

This book is concerned with the deformation of rock in the Earth’s lithosphere, as viewed from the atomic scale, through the grain scale, the hand specimen scale, the outcrop scale, the mountain range scale, and the tectonic plate scale. A deformational feature observed on one scale typically reflects processes occurring on other scales. For example, we can’t understand continental deformation without understanding mountains, we can’t understand mountains without understanding folding and faulting, and we can’t understand folding and faulting without understanding ductile and brittle deformation mechanisms at the atomic scale. This book attempts to integrate topics pertaining to all scales of rock deformation, emphasizing the linkages between structural geology and tectonics.

Данная книга рассматривает деформацию пород в литосфере Земли , которая наблюдается на атомном уровне, переходя на масштаб зерна, образца, обнажения, горного хребта и тектонической плиты. Деформационные особенности, наблюдаемые в одном масштабе, закономерно отражают процессы, возникающие в другом масштабе. К примеру, мы не можем понять деформацию континента без понимания процессов горообразования, мы не можем понять горообразование без понимания процессов образования складок и разломов, и мы не можем понять процессы складкообразования и разрывных нарушений без понимания механизмов пластичной и хрупкой деформации на атомарном уровне. Эта книга пытается объединить темы, касающиеся деформации пород на всех уровнях, подчеркивая связь между структурной геологией и тектоникой.

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