Выпуск 83
Автор(ы):Angel Alvarez A., Donald C.Noble
Издание:Economic geology, 1988 г., 11 стр.
Язык(и)Английский
Sedimentary Rock-Hosted Disseminated Precious Metal Mineralization at Purisima Concepcion, Yauricocha District, Central Peru

Sedimentary rock-hosted disseminated gold ores lithologically and chemically similar to those of Carlin-type deposits of the western United States are present in the Yauricocha district, central Peru. The Purisima Concepcion deposit is located in the core of a steeply plunging anticline several hundred meters beyond large pipe-shaped Cu-Zn-Pb-Ag-Au replacement orebodies in limestone bordering a late Miocene granodiorite stock. The central part of the stock is potassium-silicate altered and contains high-salinity fluid inclusions.

ТематикаПолезные ископаемые
МеткиCarlin type gold, Gold, Yauricocha district, Золото
Выпуск 82
Автор(ы):Parry W.T., Paul W.Jewell
Издание:Economic geology, 1987 г., 9 стр.
Язык(и)Английский
Geology and hydrotermal alteration of the Mercur gold deposit, Utah

The term "Carlin-type" deposit has been applied to a number of low-grade, sedimentary rock-hosted gold deposits that have been discovered and brought into production in the western United States since the 1960s. Carlin-type deposits are characterized by replacement of carbonate and silty carbonate rocks by silica, pyrite, barite, various arsenic, mercury, antimony, and thallium minerals and by introduction of micron-size gold (Radtke and Dickson, 1974). These deposits are believed to have formed in the upper few kilometers of the earth's crust under conditions that are similar in some respects to present-day geothermal systems.

The Mercur mining district in west-central Utah contains a number of gold deposits of this type. The district is located approximately 90 km southwest of Salt Lake City in the southwest portion of the Oquirrh Mountains, a typical north-south-trending range of the Basin and Range physiographic province (Fig. 1). Two major orebodies, Mercur-Sacra-mento and Marion Hill, are present in small hills in the center of the steep, east-west-trending Mercur Canyon. Initial production of silver in the Mercur district was from an interval of silicified limestone known as the "Silver ledge" (Spurr, 1895), a term which was later changed to "Silver chert." Fine gold was discovered in 1883 in a stratigraphic interval 30 m above the Silver chert. Production terminated in 1917 after more than 1.2 million ounces of gold had been produced (Butler et al., 1920). The district was reopened in 1983 with the Getty Mining Company as the principal operator.

The first geologic description of the Mercur district was given by Spurr (1895). Butler et al. (1920) gave a concise, accurate review of the geology, stratigraphy, and mineral production at Mercur. Gilluly's (1932) work remains the most comprehensive published study of the southern Oquirrh Mountains. Lenzi (1973) published data on the background geochemistry at Mercur. Tafuri (1976) described the general geology and mineralization at Mercur.

This communication gives a detailed discussion of the hydrothermal alteration of the Mercur deposits. The discussion will provide a framework for continuing studies of the paragenesis and geochemistry at Mercur as well as allowing comparison with alteration assemblages of other Carlin-type deposits.

ТематикаПолезные ископаемые
Выпуск 98
Автор(ы):Arehart G.B., Chakurian A.M., Christopher J.N., Donelick R.A., McInnes B.A., Tretbar D.R.
Издание:Economic geology, 2003 г., 14 стр.
Язык(и)Английский
Evaluation of Radioisotope Dating of Carlin-Type Deposits in the Great Basin, Western North America, and Implications for Deposit Genesis

A variety of techniques have been used in attempts to date the mineralization in Carlin-type deposits in the Great Basin, with highly variable results. These techniques and results are reviewed in this paper, along with presentation of two new dates, for the Rodeo deposit on the Carlin trend and for the Barneys Canyon deposit in Utah. Complete resetting of sericite by hydrothermal fluids of the temperature and duration of hydrother-mal activity that form Carlin-type deposits is considered highly unlikely. Therefore, dates from sericite are generally of questionable value unless that sericite can be shown to have formed during the same hydrothermal event during which Au was deposited. For the deposits that have been investigated to date, sericite dates rarely, if ever, record the age of Au mineralization. However, sericite ages do appear to record pre-Au events in some districts. Such events may have contributed to ground preparation and, to a much lesser extent, to the tenor of the ore. Fission-track and U/Th-He techniques provide important age constraints on mineralization in some districts but also suffer from a less than clear association with Au. Rb-Sr dating of galkhaite, an Hg sulfosalt, provides the only direct age of mineralization, but galkhaite has been recognized in only a few locations (and dated in only two deposits). In a similar manner, adularia is contemporaneous with Au at Twin Creeks, but Twin Creeks is the only Carlin-type deposit where adularia has been reported. Several other techniques (U-Pb, Re-Os, Sm-Nd) have been used in attempts to date the deposits but with limited success.

ТематикаПолезные ископаемые
Выпуск 92
Автор(ы):Christian J.Grainger, David I.Norman, Matthew T.Heizler, William C.McIntosh
Издание:Economic geology, 1997 г., 22 стр.
Язык(и)Английский
40Ar/39Ar Dating and Mineral Paragenesis for Carlin-Type Gold Deposits along the Getchell Trend, Nevada: Evidence for Cretaceous and Tertiary Gold Mineralization

The orebodies at the Getchell and Twin Creeks mines were studied through mineral paragenesis, geologic relationships, and 40Ar/39Ar dating. Mineral paragenetic relationships are based on observations made during the logging of 18,000 m of drill cuttings and core and crosscutting relationships recognized in the field and Main pit at the Getchell mine. Ages for igneous and mineralizing events were determined through 40Ar/39Ar incremental heating analyses of 15 samples of biotite, K feldspar, sericite, and vein adularia. A thermal history for the area was also developed using K feldspar multiple diffusion domain results and age determinations on cogenetic minerals, which have different argon closure temperatures.

ТематикаПолезные ископаемые
МеткиAr-Ar метод, Carlin type gold, Getchell Trend, Gold, Золото
Выпуск 90
Автор(ы):Robert P.Ilchik
Издание:Economic geology, 1995 г., 3 стр.
Язык(и)Английский
40Ar/39Ar, K/Ar, and fission track geochronology of sediment-hosted dessiminated gold deposits at Post-Betza, Carlin Trend, Northeastern Nevada - a discussion

Arehart et al. (1993) set out to date hydrothermal Au mineralization at the Post-Betze deposit in an attempt to place the formation of this deposit into a metallogenetic setting. Toward this end they have used many modern dating techniques including 40Ar/39Ar, K/Ar, and fission track geochronology. Based on the 39 measurements presented, they conclude that "based upon what we consider to be the most reliable" data this deposit formed at 117 Ma. This date is said to be consistent with similar ages for other intrusions in northeastern Nevada, and although one is not seen at the deposit, it is implied that a major nearby pluton is responsible for the formation of Post-Betze. By extrapolation, it is then suggested that Carlin-type Au systems are all of similar age, and thus, are the result of compressional tectonics operating prior to development of the current extensional environment. Because of the inescapable importance of the inferences and conclusions generated by the assignment of a 117 Ma age to the formation of the Post-Betze deposit, I would like to discuss the data and conclusions presented by Arehart et al. (1993).

ТематикаПолезные ископаемые
Выпуск 90
Автор(ы):Arehart G.B., Foland K.A., Kesler S.E., Naeser C.W.
Издание:Economic geology, 1995 г., 3 стр.
Язык(и)Английский
40Ar/39Ar, K/Ar, and fission track geochronology of sediment-hosted disseminated gold depositsat at Post-Betze, Carlin Trend, Northeastern Nevada - a reply

We appreciate the comments on our paper on the Post-Betze sediment-hosted disseminated gold deposit which indicate that clarification is required. Ilchik suggests alternative interpretations of our findings with regard to two main issues: the nature of the sill that we have described as "postore," and the absolute age of Post-Betze mineralization in the context of the overall spread in the dates presented in our paper. We address these issues in turn.

The postore sill, which we also loosely originally termed "dike," is important in that it brackets the timing of gold mineralization. Although Ilchik suggests that this intrusion predates mineralization, the weight of evidence is to the contrary. Whereas the postore sill is composition-ally similar to preore Goldstrike stock-equivalent rocks, it is texturally quite distinct. In fact, it was distinctive enough for us to map it out in the subsurface from drill core, something which we were unable to do for any of the other sills. Comparatively, the rock is little altered and it is the only one in the ore zone that retains primary bio-tite. Assays shown in figure 5 of Arehart et al. (1993) are the original assays done on 5-ft intervals before the core was logged; in some samples mineralized inclusions are present within the sample interval. More detailed analysis of this rock type, when clear of any inclusions of mineralized sedimentary rock, yields very low values for gold. This is true of samples from several core holes. In sharp contrast, the preore dikes and sills are all significantly altered and mineralized (i.e., well above background in areas of sedimentary rock mineralization), although they are generally of lower grade than the surrounding sedimentary rocks. We are well aware of the erratic nature of and lithologic control on gold mineralization in sediment-hosted disseminated gold deposits that are also seen at Post-Betze. Even taking this into consideration, it is clear that there is effectively no gold in the postore sill in comparison to significant gold in preore dikes and sills.

ТематикаПолезные ископаемые
Выпуск 88
Автор(ы):Brian J.Maher, Edwin H.McKee, Quentin J.Browne
Издание:Economic geology, 1993 г., 10 стр.
Язык(и)Английский
Constraints on the age of gold mineralization and metallogenesis in the Battle Mountain-Eureka mineral belt, Nevada

The Roberts Mountains of north-central Nevada are comprised of Paleozoic sedimentary rocks that host several gold deposits and subeconomic gold resources (Fig. 1). These gold occurrences are within a regional alignment of precious and base metal deposits in north-central Nevada termed the Battle Mountain-Eureka mineral belt (Roberts, 1966). Field relations and radiometric ages in three areas of the Roberts Mountains (Maher et al., 1990) allow assignment of minimum and probable maximum ages for gold mineralization. New radiometric age data from the Roberts Mountains and other precious and base metal deposits within the Battle Mountain-Eureka mineral belt are combined in this report with previously published geologic data to construct a metallo-genic framework for gold and other metallic deposits in north-central Nevada.

ТематикаПолезные ископаемые
МеткиBattle Mountain-Eureka mineral belt, Gold, Gold mineralization, Золото
Выпуск 88
Автор(ы):Arehart G.B., Foland K.A., Kesler S.E., Naeser C.W.
Издание:Economic geology, 1993 г., 25 стр.
Язык(и)Английский
40Ar/39Ar, K/Ar, and Fission Track Geochronology of Sediment-Hosted Disseminated Gold Deposits at Post-Betze, Carlin Trend, Northeastern Nevada

The Post-Betze deposit of Nevada is the largest sediment-hosted disseminated gold deposit presently known, both dimensionally and in terms of contained metal. Ore occurs primarily as submicron-sized gold that is disseminated in altered sedimentary rocks of the Lower Paleozoic Roberts Mountains Formation. However, significant portions of the ore are present in altered monzonite of the Goldstrike stock. Alteration and mineralization were controlled by both structure and stratigraphy. Alteration began with early decarbonatization and was followed by silicification and, finally, argillization. Phyllosilicate mineral zoning grades from proximal kaolinite to kaolinite + sericite to unaltered rock.

ТематикаПолезные ископаемые
Выпуск 69
Автор(ы):Byron R.Berger, Miles L.Silberman, Randolph A.Koski
Издание:Economic geology, 1974 г., 11 стр.
Язык(и)Английский
K-Ar Age Relations of Granodiorite Emplacement and Tungsten and Gold Mineralization near the Getchell Mine, Humboldt County, Nevada

A granodiorite stock intrudes complexly folded and thrust-faulted Paleozoic sedimentary rocks in the Osgood Mountains of eastern Humboldt County, Nevada. Within the metamorphic aureole surrounding the pluton, the sedimentary rocks are converted to cordierite hornfels and marble; tungsten-bearing tactites developed along the contacts of the granodiorite. Cutting the granodiorite and sedimentary rocks is the Getchell fault, along which the disseminated gold ore bodies of the Getchell mine are localized. K-Ar ages of the granodiorite, andesite porphyry, tungsten-bearing tactites, and altered granodiorite from the Getchell mine indicate that emplacement, alteration, and mineralization are all part of a magmatic-thermal episode which took place approximately 90 m.y. ago.

ТематикаПолезные ископаемые
МеткиGetchell Mine, Gold, Gold mineralization, K-Ar Age Relations, Золото

Gold Ores in Metamorphic Terranes

Владелец инбокса: kaptar.j

This Society of Economic Geologists Compilation contains more than one hundred years of classic papers on gold deposits in metamorphic terranes, most of which are now commonly referred to as orogenic gold deposits. These include numerous contributions published in more than a century of issues of Economic Geology, as well as others that first appeared in Society of Economic Geologists Guidebooks, Reviews Volumes, Special Publications, Economic Geology Monographs, SEG Newsletters, Meeting Extended Abstract Volumes, and Anniversary Volumes. Among the papers, there are detailed studies on deposits in all of the world’s important gold provinces located in Precambrian cratons and in Phanerozoic accretionary terranes. In addition, there are many timeless papers here that provide comprehensive descriptions of many key aspects of this group of lode gold ores. Papers from mainly the past decade on intrusion-related gold systems, many in the same general regions as the orogenic gold deposits, are also compiled here. The main contributions to the literature on the difficult to classify detachment-fault related gold lodes of the southwestern USA and adjacent Mexico are included within this compilation. The great Witwatersrand gold deposits in South Africa have been long-debated by many workers as to their detrital or hydrothermal origin, and most of the well-known papers documenting the controversy were published by the Society and are contained all together in this volume.

Прикрепленные файлы
Категория: Полезные ископаемые Метки: Gold,Золото,Метаморфические комплексы,Полезные ископаемые,
Ленты новостей
3049.82