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Автор(ы):Park A.F.
Издание:Elsevier, 1981 г., 5 стр.
Basement gneiss domes in the Svecokarelides of eastern Finland: discussion

A recent paper in this journal (J.-P. Brim. The cluster-ridge pattern of mantled gneiss domes in eastern Finland: evidence for large-scale gravitational instability of the Proterozoic crust. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 47 (1980) 441-449) resurrects Eskola's [I] concept of the mantled gneiss dome in the early Proterozoic Svecokarelian fold bell of Finland. The author cites amongst others, the Kuopio, Juojarvi, Maarianvaara. Kontiolahti, Liperi, Oravisalo and Sotkuma domes (see Fig. 1) as examples of the diapiric upwelling of lower-density, granitic Archaean basement rocks, into more dense, overlying Karelian metasedimentary formations. The distribution of these basement structures is interpreted as reflecting a periodicity. which by analogy with the centrifuge experiments of Ramberg [2], is a function of the interlayer density contrast and the layer thicknesses.

Выпуск 28
Редактор(ы):Stefan Weiss
Издание:Christiam Weiss Verlag, Munich, 2004 г., 106 стр., ISBN: 945-8492
Binnatal Aubergewohnliche Kristalle - faszinierende Berge. extral apis 28

Das Binntal ist ein wahres Eldorado für Mineraliensammler und -liebhaber. Es gibt wohl kein anderes Gebiet in den Alpen, welches so vielseitige und weltweit einzigartige Vorkommen auf engstem Raum aufweist, wie dieses vom Massentourismus noch weitgehend verschonte Alpental. Hinzu kommt noch eine besonders artenreiche und üppige Flora, welche sich hier auf äußerst abwechslungsreichen Gesteinen entwickeln konnte.

Редактор(ы):Barnosky A.D.
Издание:University of California Press, 2004 г., 408 стр., ISBN: 0-520-24082-0
Biodiversity Response to Climate Change in the Middle Pleistocene The Porcupine Cave Fauna from Colorado /  Реакция биоразнообразия на изменение климата в среднем плейстоцене. Пещерная дикая фауна из Колорадо

Since fossil vertebrates were first discovered at Porcupine Cave on the rim of South Park, Colorado, in 1981, the site has become the world’s most important source of information about animals that lived in the high elevations of North America in the middle part of the ice ages, between approximately one million and 600,000 years ago. Beginning in 1985, teams of scientists and volunteers from three major research institutions —the Carnegie Museum of Natural History, the Denver Museum of Nature and Science, and the University of California Museum of Paleontology—spent some 15 field seasons excavating and studying tens of thousands of fossil specimens that have opened a window onto past evolutionary and ecological adjustments. This window into the past allows us to visualize how ongoing global change could affect our living communities. This book reports the results of nearly two decades of research and has been written to appeal to three overlapping audiences

Автор(ы):Stadtler A.
Издание:Ruhr-universitat Bochum, Ruhr, 1998 г., 127 стр.
Bochumer geologische und geotchnische. Heft 49 (1998). Der bentheimer sandstein (Valangin, NW-Deutschland). Eine palokologische und sequenzstratigraphische analyse

This thesis represents one part of the European project “Geological characterisation of shallow marine sands for reservoir modelling and high resolution stratigraphic analysis”, which was established to study shallow marine sands with respect to reservoir properties. The research was focused on the micropalaeontological characterisation of mudstone and source rock successions and the nature, origin and reservoir characteristics of the Bentheim Sandstone in the Lower Saxony Basin.

Издание:Schlumberger, 1999 г., 232 стр.
Borehole Image Measurements / Изображение скважинных испы

Dipmeter measurements have evolved through two major stages. The first tools were mechanical systems. The tool orientation was determined from a pendulum and magnetic compass. Both of these were subject to limitations due to inherent friction. The three-arm, three-button CDM (Continuous Dipmeter) yielded one three-point solution to a bedding plane. The four-arm, four-button HDT (High-Resolution Dipmeter Tool) permitted four three-point solutions to each bedding plane.

Редактор(ы):Almeras Y.
Издание:Imprimerie Rhodanienne, Lyon, 1964 г., 154 стр.
Brachiopodes du lias et du dogger

Lorsque l'on se propose d'étudier les Brachiopodes du Lias et du Dogger , on est surpris par le grand nombre d'espèces créées aussi bien que par le nombre d'ouvrages décrivant des Brachiopodes . Devant un sujet aussi vaste , devant des efforts aussi dispersés , il m'a paru opportun de faire le point : dénombrer les espèces nouvelles d'après les recherches bibliographiques , mettre sur fiches méca-nalytiques leurs diagnoses originales , établir les listes synonymiques critiques est le premier travail à effectuer et il a pour résultat l'obtention de la durée moyenne  de  vie  pour chaque  espèce   (répartition stratigraphique) <...>

Автор(ы):Almeras Y.
Издание:Centre des Sciences de la Terre, Lyon, 1996 г., 196 стр., ISBN: 5-85454-088-3
Brachiopodes toarciens et aaleniens de la tethys nord-occidentale

The recent accessibility of the collection of Dumortier, the complementary collects in the Bas-Beaujolais and in the Southern Provence, allow us to present the paleontological revision of the Toarcian and Lower Aalenian brachiopods of the Rhone basin (Bas-Beaujolais, Mont d'Or Lyonnais, La Verpilliere - Saint Quentin-Fallavier and Southern Provence). Then, the systematics of Dumortier is reactualized. The different species are again located in a more precised strati graphical framework. So, it is possible to deduce the biostratigraphy of Toarcian and Lower Aalenian brachiopods and then, to verify the value of the zonal succession established before (Almeras & ah, 1991)

Автор(ы):Lin J.-F., Manning C.E., Mao W.L.
Издание:Wiley, 2020 г., 352 стр.
Carbon in Earth’s Interior / Углерод в недрах Земли

Carbon in Earth’s fluid envelopes—the atmosphere and hydrosphere—plays a fundamental role in our planet’s climate system. It is also essential for the origin and evolution of life, for a large fraction of the energy we use, and for the multitude of carbon‐based materials so essential to the modern world. Yet the source and original quantity of carbon in our planet is uncertain (Marty et al., 2013), as are the identities and relative importance of early chemical processes associated with planetary differentiation (e.g., the moon‐forming impact, core formation, the onset of plate tectonics). Numerous lines of evidence point to the early and continuing exchange of substantial carbon between Earth’s surface and its interior (Dasgupta, 2013), such as information carried by subducted carbon trapped in diamonds, mantle‐derived magmas rich in carbon, carbonate‐bearing rocks found in fossil subduction zones, and springs carrying deeply sourced carbon‐bearing gases (Burton et al., 2013; Jones et al., 2013; Ni & Keppler, 2013; Shirey et al., 2013). Although quantifying the input and output fluxes is challenging, there is little doubt that a substantial amount of carbon resides in our planet’s interior (Dasgupta and Hirschmann, 2010, Kelemen & Manning, 2015). 

Автор(ы):Tavakoli V.
Издание:Springer, 2019 г., 114 стр., ISBN: 978-3-030-34772-7
Carbonate reservior heterogeneity. Overcoming the challenges / Карбонатные гетерогенные резервуары. Преодоление проблем

Heterogeneity is an intrinsic property of all carbonate reservoirs. The properties of these reservoirs considerably change both laterally and vertically. Lateral changes are usually the result of various depositional settings, while vertical heterogeneities are caused by basin evolution through time. Available data from these reservoirs are very limited and so predicting the distribution of properties between the wells is very complicated. The hydrocarbon in place is calculated using these predictions and so they are very important. In fact, many aspects of the reservoir studies are about heterogeneities. Facies analysis and classifications, determining sedimentary environments, reservoir rock typing, flow unit determination and sequence stratigraphy are some examples. <...>