Поиск по книгам
Редактор(ы):Gosso G., Marotta A.M., Spalla M.I.
Издание:The Geological Society of London, 2010 г., 235 стр., ISBN: 978-1-86239-295-3
Advances in interpretation of geological processes. Refinement of multi-scale data and integration in numerical modeling / Достижения в интерпретации геологических процессов. Оптимизация разномасштабных данных в численном моделировании

This Special Publication deals with some of the themes treated during the XVI Deformation Rheology and Tectonics Conference, held in Milano on 27–29 September 2007, and analysed in depth during the workshop, held in Oropa-Biella on 29 September–2 October 2007. A preconference excursion was held on the Monviso metaophiolites and Dora–Maira UHP continental crust (23–26 September 2007).

Автор(ы):Dohmen R., Magna T., Tomascak P.B.
Издание:Springer, 2016 г., 204 стр., ISBN: 978-3-319-01430-2
Advances in lithium isitope geochemistry / Достижения в литиевой изотопной геохимии

In this book we decided to attach the permil sign (‰) to all Li isotopic quantities. One way of viewing stable isotopes denoted by δ is that the arithmetic sets the results as being part-per-thousand quantities, so to place the ‰ on a value is redundant. However, this implies a certain familiarity from the reader. Our decision regarding the ‰ in this volume was guided by the potential that the audience may include those not so steeped in the thinking of stable isotopes. This calls to mind a historical note regarding Li isotopes. Readers of the early literature on the subject (beginning with Chan in 1987) will find papers that use δ6Li. Prior to 2000, using the now-accepted δ7Li notation was viewed as an unwanted usurpation by at least one prominent geochemist. Nevertheless, being clear is important, and although δ7Li was not the first notation employed, it follows stable isotope convention. We find that students have a hard enough time understanding isotope geochemistry, so to oppose the notation used in virtually all systems (positive values are isotopically heavier than negative values) invites confusion. Hence, our use of the ‰ is a further step to make this compilation clear for all.

Выпуск 2
Редактор(ы):Saxena S.K.
Издание:Springer, 1982 г., 354 стр., ISBN: 978-1-4612-5685-4
Advances in Physical Geochemistry. Volume 2 / Достижения в физической геохимии. Выпуск 2

The second volume of this series consists of three parts. Part I focuses on the research on intracrystalline reactions. This work, which began nearly two decades ago, is critically reviewed by Ghose and Ganguly in Chapter 1. Besides the review, the authors include some of their previously unpublished work to demonstrate how future research could aid in obtaining data on thermodynamics of solid solutions and in understanding the cooling history of igneous and metamorphic rocks. The latter is also the theme adopted by Kretz in the second chapter, which examines the redistribution of Fe and Mg in coexisting silicates during cooling. Chapter 3 contains new data on Fe-Mg distribution in clinopyroxenes. Dal Negro and his co-authors have selected a series of clinopyroxenes from volcanic rocks and present site occupancy data on several clinopyroxenes of intermediate compositions. The data set has not been published before and is the first of its kind.

Редактор(ы):Rubie D.C., Thompson A.B.
Издание:Springer-Verlag, 1985 г., 300 стр., ISBN: 978-1-4612-9548-8
Advances in physical geochemistry. Volume 4. Metamorphic reactions. Kinetics, textures and deformation / Успехи физической геохимии. Выпуск 4. Метаморфические реакции. Кинетика, текстуры и деформация

It is very common to find that in mineral synthesis experiments the crystals that form first have disordered cations, even when the synthesis conditions are well within the stability field of the ordered state. Some examples are the crystallization of albite from glass starting material (MacKenzie, 1957) or a flux (Woensdregt, 1983), cordierite from glass (Schreyer and Schairer, 1961; Putnis, 1980a), and plagioclase from glass (Eberhard, 1967; Kroll and Muller, 1980).

Автор(ы):Arp G., Queric N.-V., Reitner J.
Издание:Springer, 2011 г., 572 стр., ISBN: 0930-0317, 978-3-642-10415-2
Advances in stromatolite geobiology / Достижения в геобиологии строматолитов

Stromatolites are the most intriguing geobiological structures of the entire history of the earth since the early beginning of the fossil record in the Archaean. Traditionally, stromatolites and related microbial sediments are interpreted as biosedimentological remains of biofilms and microbial mats.
Stromatolites are important environmental and evolutionary archives that give us plenty of information about ancient habitats, biodiversity, evolution of complex benthic biosystems, and generally of Global Change. However, many aspects of the formation, biology, and geobiology of these structures are still cryptic and poorly understood. <...>

Редактор(ы):Bar-Cohen Y., Zacny K.
Издание:CRC Press, 2021 г., 685 стр., ISBN: 978-0-367-65346-0
Advances in terrestrial drilling. Ground, ice, and underwater / Достижения в наземном бурении. Земля, лед и подводный мир

Drilling is a process of penetrating solid objects by creating holes using various tools or approaches. When applying rotation to create a hole, the bit has a circular cross section and the produced bore-hole has a round shape. Alternatively, percussive or hammering drills can create non-round bore-holes. Mechanisms of penetrating objects and formations, i.e., drills, are widely used for many applications including making holes, sampling, exploration, and excavation (Bar-Cohen and Zacny, 2009; Clark, 1987; Hossain and Al-Majed, 2015; Rollins, 2010; Zacny et al., 2008). While the field is quite well established, there are still many challenges including operation at extreme conditions as well as drilling extremely hard materials. Drilling on other extraterrestrial bodies also poses significant challenges resulting from the limited resources that are available and the difficult conditions involved. The earliest successful planetary drilling was performed on the moon in 1970 by the Soviets’ robotic Luna 16 lander (Bar Cohen and Zacny, 2009). In recent years, missions have been increasingly launched to drill on Mars and penetrate the surfaces of other extraterrestrial bodies. <...>

МеткиБурение (358)
Издание:Sрringer, 2006 г., 262 стр., ISBN: 1402044690, 1402044704
Advances in the Geological Storage of Carbon Dioxide

This volume organise presentations given by leading international researchers at a NATO Advanced Research Workshop on the state-of-the-art of geological storage of CO
2. The book is divided into 5 parts. Part 1 provides background by describing how human activities are modifying the atmosphere in industrially-active areas in Siberia. Part 2 outlines the innovative idea of using deep permafrost layers as either impermeable boundaries below which CO2 can be injected or as a cooling source for the formation CO2 clathrates. Part 3 describes recent studies conducted on naturally occurring CO2 reservoirs, sites which have the potential to help us understand the possible long-term evolution of CO2 storage sites. Part 4 outlines various industrial-scale applications of CO2 geological storage and shows it to be technically practical, economically feasible and, to date, very safe. Finally Part 5 gives us a view of the future, showing how energy uses are predicted to change over the next 50 years and how the public must be involved in any future decisions regarding climate change abatement.

Редактор(ы):Bear J., Corapcioglu M.Y.
Издание:Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Dordrecht, 1987 г., 1017 стр., ISBN: 978-94-010-8121-4
Advances in Transport Phenomena in Porous Media / Улучшение переноса в пористых средах

This volume contains the lectures presented at the NATO ADVANCED STUDY INSTITUTE that took place at Newark, Delaware, U.S.A., July 14-23, 1985. The objective of this meeting was to present and discuss selected topics associated with transport phenomena in porous media. By their very nature, porous media and phenomena of transport of extensive quantities that take place in them, are very complex. The solid matrix may be rigid, or deformable (elastically, or following some other constitutive relation), the void space may be occupied by one or more fluid phases. Each fluid phase may be composed of more than one component, with the various components capable of interacting among themselves and/or with the solid matrix. The transport process may be isothermal or non-isothermal, with or without phase changes. <...>

Автор(ы):Falsaperla S., Hammer C., Langer H.
Редактор(ы):Spichak V.
Издание:Elsevier, 2020 г., 330 стр., ISBN: 978-0-12-811842-9
Advantages and Pitfalls of Pattern Recognition Selected Cases in Geophysics / Преимущества и недостатки распознавания образов в отдельных случаях в геофизике

The digital era has caused an outstanding change in the acquisition of information concerning our planet. We are accustomed to an uninterrupted monitoring by means of satellite imagery, measurements of ground deformation in the context of geodynamical studies, seismic and geochemical data acquisition, etc. Continuous data acquisition in Earth sciences, in general, and geophysics, in particular, leads to the accumulation of a huge amount of information. Terabytes and Terabytes of data pile up in digital archives over short times. Often, we are left without a key to these archives, which turn them into “data graves,” containing precious information difficult to unearth. In addition, many geological processes are slow phenomena, the study of which comes along with the need to cover time spans as long as possible. Therefore, the necessity to “unearth” old archives becomes of paramount importance <...>

Автор(ы):Reeves K.
Издание:Geosoft, 2005 г., 154 стр.
Aeromagnetic surveys. Principles, practice & interpretation / Аэромагнитные исследования. Принципы, практика и интерпретация

From the point of view of geomagnetism, the earth may be considered as made up of three parts: core, mantle and crust (Figure 1.1). Convection processes in the liquid part of the iron core give rise to a dipolar geomagnetic field that resembles that of a large bar-magnet aligned approximately along the earth's axis of rotation (Figure 1.2). The mantle plays little part in the earth's magnetism, while interaction of the (past and present) geomagnetic field with the rocks of the Earth's crust produces the magnetic anomalies recorded in detailed (e.g. aeromagnetic) surveys carried out close to the earth's surface.